Inclusive teaching involves three interrelated pedagogies: CRP, translanguaging, and UDL.Inclusive teaching involves three interrelated pedagogies:

  • culturally responsive / relevant pedagogy (CRP): a pedagogical framework that appreciates, integrates, and prioritizes the lived experiences of diverse identity groups (racial, ethnic, ability, and sexual orientation) within the context of teaching and learning
  • translanguaging: a theory from bilingual education that describes what people (but especially bi/multilinguals) do when they use all of their language and communication resources to make meaning, learn, and express themselves
  • universal design for learning (UDL): an instructional planning approach designed to give all students an equal opportunity to learn by removing barriers that prevent students from fully engaging in their classroom communities

Learn more about these pedagogies by expanding the sections below.


Shana V. White, Meg Ray, Maya Israel, Michelle G. Lee, Christy Crawford, Sara Vogel, Francisco Cervantes, Elizabeth Bishop, and Todd Lash

CSTA’s thinking about how to best support bi/multilingual students in CS education has been informed by and borrows from the work of the Participating in Literacies and Computer Science (PiLa-CS) research practice partnership, led by Christopher Hoadley, Laura Ascenzi-Moreno, Jasmine Ma, Kate Menken, Sara Vogel, Marcos Ynoa, and Sarah Radke.